In Freudian psychoanalysis , the term oral stage or hemitaxia denotes the first psychosexual development stage wherein the mouth of the infant is his or her primary erogenous zone. Spanning the life period from birth to the age of 18 months, the oral stage is the first of the five Freudian psychosexual development stages: i the oral, ii the anal , iii the phallic , iv the latent , and v the genital. Moreover, because it is the infant's first human relationship—biological nutritive and psychological emotional —its duration depends upon the child-rearing mores of the mother's society. Sociologically speaking, the duration of infantile nursing is determined normatively ; in some societies it is common for a child to be nursed by its mother for several years but in others this period is much shorter.
Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
He developed his cognitive-developmental theory based on the idea that children actively construct knowledge as they explore and manipulate the world around them. His theory of four stages of cognitive development, first presented in the midth century, is one of the most famous and widely-accepted theories in child cognitive development to this day. Piaget believed that as children grow and their brains develop, they move through four distinct stages that are characterized by differences in thought processing. In his research, he carefully observed children and presented them with problems to solve that were related to object permanence, reversibility, deductive reasoning, transitivity, and assimilation described below. Each stage builds upon knowledge learned in the previous stage.
Freud's Psychosexual Stage Theory
However, this energy is without focus or direction, which would not allow for survival. Psychic energy is an important concept in Freudian psychology. The structure of the mind and development all revolve around how the individual attempts to deal with psychic energy. Raw libinal impulses provide the basic fuel that the mind runs on. But the vehicle mind needs to well-formed and well-tuned in order to get maximum energy.
After you watch the video and know the material, click HERE for the quiz. Among Freud's most notorious theories is his theory of psychosexual development. This lesson discusses each of the stages and traces how he theorized that normal development leads to sexual maturity and how certain stages can develop awry.